The Office for National Statistics recently published data on registered deaths in England and Wales for 2018. The report includes data on the age, sex, selected underlying causes of mortality and the leading causes of mortality.
Some key findings from the report are as follows:
- A total of 541,589 deaths were registered in England and Wales in 2018 compared with 533,253 deaths in 2017 (1.6% rise). The mortality rate in 2018 has been the highest since 1999 (553,532).
- There was an increase of 0.1 per cent in age-standardised mortality rates (ASMRs) for females in 2018, whereas the ASMRs for males continued to decline by 0.3 per cent.
- In 2018, the mortality rates slightly decreased for males and increased for females. This is expected to reduce the gap in life expectancy between the two sexes.
- The stillbirth rates in 2018 for England and Wales were 4.0 and 4.4 per 1000 births, respectively, and the neonatal mortality rates in 2018 for England and Wales were 2.8 and 2.5 neonatal deaths per 1000 live births, respectively.
- The highest ASMRs for both sexes were recorded in the North East region of England and the lowest in London.
- Deaths from dementia and Alzheimer’s disease continued to rise, and these conditions remained the leading cause of mortality, accounting for 12.8 per cent of all deaths.