AIDS-related deaths continue to decline as access to treatment expands and progress continues in the delivery of HIV/tuberculosis services, according to a new report from the United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS).
Since 2010, AIDS-related deaths have fallen by 33 per cent to 770,000 in 2018, the Global AIDS Update shows.
Global declines in AIDS-related deaths have largely been driven by progress in eastern and southern Africa. In eastern Europe and central Asia, however, AIDS-related deaths have risen by 5 per cent, and in the Middle East and North Africa by 9 per cent since 2010.
Some 79 per cent of people living with HIV knew their HIV status in 2018; 78 per cent who knew their HIV status were accessing treatment, and 86 per cent of those who were accessing treatment were virally suppressed.
Globally, around 1.7 million people were infected with HIV in 2018, a 16 per cent decline since 2010.
However, the pace of progress is slowing down. For the first time, global resources available for the AIDS response declined significantly by nearly US$1 billion. In 2018, $19 billion was available, $7.2 billion short of the estimated $26.2 billion needed by 2020.