The 3rd edition of the global Cancer Atlas concludes that progress in the fight against cancer is not only possible but achievable.
The report highlights distinct patterns and inequities in the present cancer burden around the world, outlines the risk factors that are driving cancer patterns and details the prospects for cancer prevention and control.
Based on expected population growth and ageing alone, it is estimated that the number of global cancer cases will increase by 60 per cent in 2040. However, the authors of the report caution that more widespread distribution of lifestyle factors such as smoking, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity are likely to make that number considerably larger.
The report highlights disparities in the burden of cancer between countries. For example, while five-year survival for childhood cancer in high-income countries is greater than 80 per cent, it can be as low as 20 per cent in low-income countries. The authors say interventions to improve early diagnosis and adherence to appropriate treatment could increase childhood cancer survival to 60 per cent in low-income countries.
The Atlas was produced by the American Cancer Society, the Union for International Cancer Control and the International Agency for Research on Cancer.