The Scottish Government recently published statistics for Diet and Healthy Weight. The report includes data on obesity, diabetes and dietary habits, including the sales of soft drinks, confectionery, biscuits, cakes and pastries.
Key findings from the report are as follows:
- In 2018, 65 per cent of individuals aged ≥16 years were overweight, of which 28 per cent were obese.
- Although the levels of overweight and obesity for individuals aged 16-64 years increased between 1995 and 2008, they have subsequently stabilised.
- In 2018, 13 per cent of children aged two to 15 years were at a risk for overweight, with an additional 16 per cent at a risk for obesity.
- In 2018, a mere 22 per cent of individuals aged ≥16 years and 15 per cent of children aged two to 15 years fulfilled the five-a-day recommendation for intake of fruit and vegetables.
- Between 2014 and 2018, the sales of regular take-home soft drinks dropped by 11 per cent, but the sales of take-home biscuits and confectionery rose by 5 per cent and that of cakes and pastries rose by 10 per cent.
- The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is steadily increasing in Scotland.
- By the end of 2018, there were 304,375 diagnoses of diabetes in local diabetes registers, representing 5.6 per cent of the total Scottish population. T2D accounted for 87.9 per cent of the diagnoses.