- In this single-centre study, patients with diabetes had a higher risk for in-hospital complications, greater disability at discharge and 90 days, and a higher incidence of recurrent stroke and mortality within 90 days of an acute ischaemic stroke.
Why this matters
- Diabetes mellitus and hyperglycaemia are major risk factors for acute ischaemic stroke.
- Prospective cohort study evaluated 2961 patients admitted with a diagnosis of acute ischaemic stroke between January 2014 and December 2017.
- The modified Rankin scale (mRS) assessed at discharge and 90 days classified patients as having a good (mRS, ≤0-2) or poor (mRS, 3-6) outcome.
- Funding: None.
- Patients with diabetes vs prediabetes and nondiabetes had significantly higher prevalence of:
- hypertension (80.8% vs 67.4 vs 59.2%; P<.0001>
- previous stroke (18.0% vs 5.4% vs 6.2%; P<.0001 and>
- coronary artery disease (12.9% vs 5.6% vs 5.0%; P<.0001 respectively.>
- all complications (7.6% vs 4.9% vs 4.5%; P=.004),
- urinary tract infection (4.8% vs 2.8% vs 2.1%; P=.02) and
- sepsis (1.6% vs 0% vs 0.8%; P=.013).
- Single-centre study.