“The risk of healthcare system capacity being exceeded in the EU/EEA and the UK in the coming weeks as high” states Andrea Ammon, director of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), in its latest risk assessment of the COVID-19 pandemic.
This update reveals that the epidemiological situation in the EU/EEA and UK is 204,930 cases and 11,810 deaths. Thirty per cent of patients were hospitalised and 4 per cent have severe illness. The risk of severe disease is considered moderate for the general population and very high for adults with chronic conditions.
The risk of occurrence of widespread national community transmission in the coming weeks is moderate if effective mitigation measures are in place, or very high if the measures are insufficient. The options for preparedness and response for the mitigation phase focuses on the community setting, hospitals and surveillance and testing.
The following public health measures should be applied to reduce further spread;
- Community measures and social distancing
- Measures in healthcare facilities: protection of healthcare workers, critical care facilities for 15% of hospitalised patients, manage mild cases at home, adhere to discharge criteria
- Testing and surveillance strategies: rapid detection and elucidate transmission patterns and contact tracing.