- A quasi-experimental study of outcomes after passage of firearm seizure laws in Indiana and Connecticut shows a reduction in firearm suicides.
- Suicides decreased overall in Indiana, but decreased firearm suicides in Connecticut were offset by increases in other types of suicides.
- These laws allow firearm seizure under strict circumstances when police determine that a person is a risk to themselves or others.
Why this matters
- 4 other states have passed similar measures.
- 19 states have proposed similar measures.
- Federal policies are being considered.
- This quasi-experimental study evaluated the effects of firearm seizure legislation on suicide rates in Indiana and Connecticut.
- Data obtained from 50 states between 1981 and 2015.
- Funding: None disclosed.
- From 1981 to 2015:
- 15,130 firearm suicides in Indiana;
- 4020 in Connecticut.
- After the firearm seizure law:
- 7.5% reduction in firearm suicides in Indiana;
- 1.6% reduction in Connecticut.
- After the 2007 Virginia Tech shooting, increased law enforcement (Connecticut) led to a greater reduction in suicide rates, from 1.6% to 13.7%.
- After the firearm seizure law, nonfirearm suicides were 5.7% higher in Connecticut than in a control population.
- State-level analysis.
Coauthored with Chitra Ravi, MPharm