A retrospective study on patients with recently healed foot ulcers revealed that incorporating once-daily foot temperature monitoring may result in lower rates of foot ulcer recurrence in high-risk patients, according to an article published in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.
A year-long foot ulcer recurrence prevention program used real-world data from 77 patients with healed diabetic foot ulcers. The researchers evaluated diabetic foot-related outcomes and associated resource utilisation for participants during three periods: the 2 years before the program, the year during the program, and after the program ended.
During participation in the prevention program which incorporated once-daily foot temperature monitoring, there were lower rates of hospitalisations, emergency department visits, and outpatient visits. There were also lower rates of lower extremity amputations and foot ulcer recurrence, particularly for wounds with greater than superficial depth or with clinical signs of infection. Before enrolment in the program and after the program ended, there were high initial rates of resource utilisation and recurrence.
The coupling of care management and foot temperature monitoring in foot ulcer recurrence prevention programs may help dramatically decrease morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs in high-risk populations.