- Mild hyponatraemia is significantly associated with falls in older patients.
Why this matters
- Determining sodium levels could be an important component of fall-prevention strategies for the elderly.
- Researchers studied patients aged ≥75 years admitted to a large academic health center for nonvital emergency treatment (N=696; mean age, 86.1±5.6 years; women, 63.1%), exploring associations between history of falls and sociodemographic factors, comorbidities, medications, and serum sodium levels.
- Funding: None.
- Overall fall prevalence was 27.9% (95% CI, 24.6%-31.2%).
- Overall hyponatraemia (serum sodium,
- Mild hyponatraemia (serum sodium, 130-135 mEq/L) prevalence was 13.2% (95% CI, 10.1%-16.3%) in patients without falls and 26.1% (95% CI, 19.8%-32.4%) in patients admitted for falls.
- Mild hyponatraemia was significantly associated with falls (aOR, 3.02; 95% CI, 1.84-4.96; P<.001>
- The study was cross-sectional and did not demonstrate causality.
- Serum sodium concentrations were obtained during a single blood test and do not show whether hyponatraemia was acute or chronic.