- About 1% of US children ages 9-10 self-identify as having minority sexual orientation or gender identity.
- Both children and parents say they experience little school or family stress.
Why this matters
- People who self-identify with a gender or sexual orientation minority tend to have increased physical and mental health problems.
- Data are from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study.
- Sexuality findings:
- 0.86% identified as gay or bisexual.
- 23.8% did not understand the sexual orientation question.
- 6.7% of parents thought their child might be homosexual.
- Gender identity findings:
- 0.4% identified as transgender.
- 40.2% did not understand this question.
- 1.2% of parents thought their child might self-report as transgender.
- A 2-step process identified 0.15% of children as reporting a current gender differing from sex assigned at birth.
- Per children, orientation or gender identity posed no school or family issues.
- Some parents felt sexual orientation (7.0%) or gender identity (15.3%) did pose issues.
- ABCD Study focuses on self-identification, identity-related stress.
- Data collection began September 1, 2016, with annual releases in February.
- Parents and children respond to questions about sexuality, gender identity.
- Funding: National Institute on Drug Abuse.
- No assessment of association of sexuality/gender identity and health indicators.