Is sun protection education effective in transplant patients?

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  • Education can be effective at altering sun-protective behavior in transplant recipients, but no studies have yet linked it to decreasing rates of skin cancer.
Study design
  • Meta-analysis that included 7 studies (5 randomized controlled trials and 2 case series with a before-and-after design).
  • Educational strategies evaluated in these studies included a mobile app, a culturally sensitive workbook, 2 videos, and traditional verbal or written education during an outpatient visit.
  • Funding: No funding source disclosed.
Key results
  • None of the studies directly showed that sun protection educational interventions reduced the incidence of skin cancer posttransplantation.
  • Only 2 of the studies tried to show that an educational intervention led to a difference in sun damage or skin pigmentation, which is an objective intermediate measures of sun exposure.
  • 2 case series demonstrated that some sun-protective behaviors m...