- Preterm (
- Authors: findings call for long-term follow-up, prevention in this population.
Why this matters
- Editorial: despite known increased risk for hypertension, diabetes in this population, US and European guidelines do not cite preterm/early-term birth as an indication for screening.
- 0.09% of cohort was diagnosed with IHD during 30.9 million person-years of follow-up.
- For adults ages 18-43 years, vs being born full-term, adjusted HRs (95% CIs):
- Birth at
- Birth at 37-38 weeks: 1.16 (1.02-1.31).
- For adults ages 30-43 years, vs being born full-term, aHRs (95% CIs):
- Birth at
- Birth at 37-38 weeks: 1.19 (1.01-1.40).
- Women born preterm had a higher aHR vs men: 1.93 (1.28-2.90) vs 1.37 (1.01-1.84).
- Gestational age at birth was inversely associated with IHD risk: aHR per additional week of gestation, 0.96 (95% CI, 0.93-0.98).
- National population-based Swedish cohort study of 2,141,709 singleton births, 1973-1994.
- Outcomes: IHD diagnosis.
- Funding: NIH; Swedish Research Council; others.
- No data on spontaneous vs medically indicated preterm birth.