The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) has reported a significant increase in cases of West Nile fever in its most recent weekly threat report.
Between 3 and 9 August 2018, European Union (EU) Member States reported 120 human cases of West Nile fever. Italy reported 72 cases, Greece 16 cases, Romania 16 cases, Hungary 13 cases and France reported three cases. The EU neighbouring countries reported 34 cases, with Serbia reporting 32 cases and Kosovo two cases.
The surveillance data also indicates there were five deaths reported in Serbia, while Greece reported three, Italy reported one, Kosovo reported one and Romania reported one.
The figures represent a significant increase on the previous week (27 July to August 2) when 55 human cases of West Nile fever were reported in EU member states. As of August 9, a total of 231 human cases have been reported in EU member states during the 2018 transmission season.
Under EU regulations, member states must defer prospective blood donors for 28 days after leaving an area with evidence among humans of West Nile virus circulation unless the results of an individual nucleic acid test are negative.