- Consuming up to 1 glass of wine daily is associated with lower prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD) as well as the general US population.
Why this matters
- Results also suggest that light wine consumption is tied to reduced odds of CKD.
- Cross-sectional logistic regression analysis of 2003-2006 data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 5852 persons aged ≥21 years; 18% had CKD.
- Comparison involved light drinkers (
- Incident CKD defined as urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥30 mg/g or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, in mL/minute/1.73 m2)
- CVD included angina, myocardial infarction, or stroke.
- Funding: NIH/CRR Colorado CTSI.
- In unadjusted analysis, CKD prevalence was lower among light drinkers vs teetotalers (13.4% vs 19.7%; OR=0.63; P<.0001>
- The association persisted in multivariate analysis adjusting for demographics and CVD risk factors with CKD defined by UACR (6.2% vs 11.5%; aOR=0.62; P=.006), but not eGFR (P=.87).
- Light wine consumption was also associated with lower CVD rates among individuals with CKD (aOR=0.71; P=.02) and without (aOR=0.60; P=.001).
- Self-reported consumption; quantity not captured.
- Cross-sectional design cannot prove causation.
- Overall CVD proportion not given.