- Undesired pregnancy rates are higher in young women who report low social support.
Why this matters
- Social support may play a role in contraception use and unintended pregnancy rates, information that could be used to influence family planning policy.
- Ethnic differences in the perception of social support may exist.
- 5% of participants reported "almost never having someone to whom they could turn."
- 46% of pregnancies were undesired.
- Black women were more likely to report low social support (8% vs 4%; P=.02).
- In general, women reporting low social support were more likely to have sex before age 16 years, have ≥2 sexual partners, and have sex without birth control.
- Contraception use was lower in nonblack women with low support (OR, 0.7; 95% CI, 0.5-0.9) but not in black women reporting low social support (OR, 0.9; 95% CI, 0.3-2.7).
- Cohort was taken from the Relationship Dynamics and Social Life Study, a population-based, prospective study of 1003 people aged 18-22 years between 2008 and 2012 examining pregnancy, relationships, and contraceptive use.
- Primary outcome was undesired pregnancy.
- Funding: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; National Institute on Drug Abuse; University of Michigan.
- Small numbers in study.