- Malnutrition is prevalent among older patients hospitalized for cancer, a Brazilian study suggests.
Why this matters
- Findings support early and systematic assessment and treatment of nutrition impact symptoms (NIS) to improve outcomes in patients aged >50 years.
- Cross-sectional study of 4783 patients aged ≥20 years admitted to 45 public hospitals.
- Patients were stratified by age ≥65 (31.2%), 51-64 (35.2%), or ≤50 (33.6%) years.
- Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) score was used to evaluate nutritional status, risk, and NIS.
- Funding: None.
- Overall prevalence of stage B (moderate/suspected) and C (severe) malnourishment was 45.3%.
- Prevalence was higher (P<.001 at age than and years.>
- Patients with PG-SGA scores ≥9 (45.7%)—indicating critical need for intervention—had higher prevalence of NIS, including no appetite (58.1%), nausea (38.3%), dry mouth (37.1%), and vomiting (26.0%).
- Using age ≤50 years as a reference, patients aged ≥65 and 51-64 years had an increased likelihood of certain NIS, including (all P<.05 style="list-style-type:circle;">
- No appetite (OR=1.90, 1.45);
- Problems swallowing (OR=1.43, 1.56); and
- Dry mouth (OR=1.40, 1.22).
- Observational design.