Meditative exercise effective for depression

  • Zou L & al.
  • J Clin Med
  • 1 Aug 2018

  • curated by Jim Kling
  • Clinical Essentials
Access to the full content of this site is available only to registered healthcare professionals. Access to the full content of this site is available only to registered healthcare professionals.

Takeaway

  • In patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), tai chi, qigong, and yoga alleviate symptoms and improve remission rates, according to this meta-analysis.
  • Meditative or mind-body movements involve musculoskeletal stretching and relaxation, breath control, and meditation.

Why this matters

  • There has been an increase in recent years in high-quality, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating tai chi and qigong for MDD.
  • This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis of meditative movement for MDD.

Study design

  • Systematic review and meta-analysis of 16 fair- to high-quality RCTs using meditative movements (tai chi, qigong, or yoga) as an intervention for MDD.
  • The duration of meditative movement intervention varied from 4 to 12 weeks.
  • Funding: Humanities and Social Science; others.

Key results

  • Meditative movement interventions vs passive control conditions significantly improved (all P<.001 severity of symptoms: style="list-style-type:circle;">
  • depression severity: standardized mean difference (SMD), −0.56; I2, 35.76%; and 
  • anxiety severity: SMD, −0.46; I2, 1.17%.
  • Meditative movement interventions also improved treatment remission rate (OR, 6.7) and response rate (OR, 5.2; all P<.001>

    Limitations

    •  Chances of subjectivity and expectation bias.

    Coauthored with Chitra Ravi, MPharm

  • Please confirm your acceptance

    To gain full access to GPnotebook please confirm:

    By submitting here you confirm that you have accepted Terms of Use and Privacy Policy of GPnotebook.

    Submit