- In patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), tai chi, qigong, and yoga alleviate symptoms and improve remission rates, according to this meta-analysis.
- Meditative or mind-body movements involve musculoskeletal stretching and relaxation, breath control, and meditation.
Why this matters
- There has been an increase in recent years in high-quality, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating tai chi and qigong for MDD.
- This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis of meditative movement for MDD.
- Systematic review and meta-analysis of 16 fair- to high-quality RCTs using meditative movements (tai chi, qigong, or yoga) as an intervention for MDD.
- The duration of meditative movement intervention varied from 4 to 12 weeks.
- Funding: Humanities and Social Science; others.
- Meditative movement interventions vs passive control conditions significantly improved (all P<.001 severity of symptoms: style="list-style-type:circle;">
- depression severity: standardized mean difference (SMD), −0.56; I2, 35.76%; and
- anxiety severity: SMD, −0.46; I2, 1.17%.
- Chances of subjectivity and expectation bias.
Coauthored with Chitra Ravi, MPharm