Meta-analysis highlights importance of communication in DNR decision-making

  • Becker C & al.
  • JAMA Netw Open
  • 5 Jun 2019

  • International Clinical Digest
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Takeaway

  • Communication regarding CPR risks/outcomes and do-not-resuscitate (DNR) preferences might attenuate unnecessary medical interventions in the emergency department (ED).

Why this matters

  • Proactively link communication around CPR/code status with decisions about other emergency care to improve patient understanding, clarify achievable outcomes to help patients make informed DNR decisions.
  • "[I]deally, discussions should enable the clinician and patient to achieve a shared understanding of what outcomes that particular patient values and what outcomes are clinically achievable for them," Gavin D. Perkins, MD, FRCP, FFICM, writes in a related editorial.

Key results

  • 15 trials (11 quantitative synthesis, 5 secondary [patient knowledge] endpoint).
  • Pooled: significant association between communication interventions, lower preference for CPR 53.6% vs 38.6% usual care (risk ratio [RR], 0.70 [95% CI, 0.63-0.78; P<.001>
  • Stratification by intervention type: video-based education (RR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.48-0.64) vs other education types (RR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.87-1.22) linked to lower CPR preference (between-group heterogeneity, P<.001>
  • Secondary: while stratification by age did not demonstrate significant differences between younger vs older patients (P=.48), in studies with low bias risk, a stronger association noted between communication interventions and higher patient knowledge vs higher bias risk trials (standardized mean difference, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.43-0.77 vs 0.28; 95% CI, −0.10 to 0.67; between-group heterogeneity, P=.14).

Study design

  • Meta-review assessing association between communication interventions and patient DNR preference based on knowledge of CPR risks, outcomes.
  • Funding: None disclosed.

Limitations

  • Limited number of studies.
  • Limited generalizability.
  • Type 2 error risk.

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