- Patients with atopic dermatitis have a higher prevalence of asthma compared with those without the condition, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Why this matters
- These results suggest a need for heightened awareness of asthma symptoms in patients with atopic dermatitis.
- Pooled prevalence of asthma was higher in patients with vs without atopic dermatitis:
- 25.7% (95% CI, 23.7%-27.7%) vs
- 8.1% (95% CI, 7.0%-9.4%).
- The association between atopic dermatitis and asthma was statistically significant (ORs; 95% CIs):
- 3.03 (2.64-3.47), overall.
- 3.01 (2.41-3.77) with physician-diagnosed atopic dermatitis and asthma.
- 2.46 (2.08-2.90) with asthma defined as wheeze.
- Meta-analysis of 213 studies that included 688,927 patients with atopic dermatitis and 2,223,921 without it.
- Funding: None.
- Heterogeneity among included studies.