- Patients with menstrual cramps report pain relief after standardized yoga interventions in 4 randomized controlled trials.
Why this matters
- Yoga practice may be an effective complementary therapy for primary dysmenorrhea.
- Meta-analysis of 4 randomized controlled trials including a total of 230 women with primary dysmenorrhea (mean age range, 20-33.6 years).
- The effects of practicing yoga (n=129) were compared with not practicing yoga (n=101) for menstrual pain.
- Funding: None.
- Yoga sessions were conducted in different trials:
- 30 minutes, 2 sessions/week, for 12 weeks.
- 120 minutes, 5 sessions/week, for 12 weeks.
- 4 sessions/week for 4 weeks.
- 20 minutes session/day for 14 days.
- The effect of a yoga program on menstrual pain in primary dysmenorrhea was high (mean overall effect size, −2.09; P=.031).
- A high heterogeneity (I2), 96.6% was noted between the trials (P<.001>
- 4 trials were quality A level, and the critical appraisal was subject to a low risk for bias.
- High heterogeneity.
Coauthored with Chitra Ravi, MPharm