Opioid abuse, dependence tied to tranquilizer misuse

  • Drug Alochol Depend

  • curated by Kelli Whitlock Burton
  • Clinical Essentials
Access to the full content of this site is available only to registered healthcare professionals. Access to the full content of this site is available only to registered healthcare professionals.

Takeaway

  • Misuse of tranquilizers was significantly more likely in people who also misused illicit opioids than in those who did not.
  • Having opioid use disorder more than doubled the risk for misuse of tranquilizers.

Why this matters

  • The prevalence of tranquilizer misuse did not change significantly during the 13-year study period, but the rate of opioid misuse increased significantly.

Study design

  • Study used data from National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2002-2014) to evaluate 36,043 adults who misused opioids in the last year.
  • Prevalence of tranquilizer misuse was estimated.
  • Funding: None disclosed.

Key results

  • 28% of the adults who misused opioids vs
  • Opioid abuse or dependence (aOR, 2.34; 95% CI, 2.11-2.59) was strongly associated with tranquilizer misuse.
  • Having opioid abuse or dependence was the factor most strongly associated with a higher number of days of tranquilizer misuse (aRR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.71-2.09).

Limitations

  • Use of self-reported data.
  • Cross-sectional design of survey data used.

Coauthored with Antara Ghosh, PhD

Please confirm your acceptance

To gain full access to GPnotebook please confirm:

By submitting here you confirm that you have accepted Terms of Use and Privacy Policy of GPnotebook.

Submit