- Misuse of tranquilizers was significantly more likely in people who also misused illicit opioids than in those who did not.
- Having opioid use disorder more than doubled the risk for misuse of tranquilizers.
Why this matters
- The prevalence of tranquilizer misuse did not change significantly during the 13-year study period, but the rate of opioid misuse increased significantly.
- Study used data from National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2002-2014) to evaluate 36,043 adults who misused opioids in the last year.
- Prevalence of tranquilizer misuse was estimated.
- Funding: None disclosed.
- 28% of the adults who misused opioids vs
- Opioid abuse or dependence (aOR, 2.34; 95% CI, 2.11-2.59) was strongly associated with tranquilizer misuse.
- Having opioid abuse or dependence was the factor most strongly associated with a higher number of days of tranquilizer misuse (aRR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.71-2.09).
- Use of self-reported data.
- Cross-sectional design of survey data used.
Coauthored with Antara Ghosh, PhD