- 61% of pediatric exposures to opioids between 2010 and 2014 occurred in children aged 5 years or younger; half of all exposures resulted in a visit to a healthcare facility, and 7% resulted in a serious outcome.
Why this matters
- Although overall pediatric opioid exposures decreased during the study period, more preventive and education efforts are needed, specifically targeted by age group and type of opioid.
- This retrospective, cross-sectional study used the National Poison Data System between January 2010 and December 2014 to evaluate 83,418 opioid exposures in children aged
- Funding: None disclosed.
- 5-year prevalence rates of opioid exposures and poisoning were 22.6 and 11.8 per 100,000 children, respectively.
- Between 2010 and 2014, mean number of pediatric opioid exposures decreased from 28 to 22 per 100,000 children (P<.0001>
- 61.1% exposures were among children aged ≤5 years, 73.4% were unintentional, and >90% occurred at home.
- Nearly one-half of exposures were treated in an emergency department or were admitted for care.
- Of 64,045 cases with 1 opioid product exposure from single/combination opioid, 7% had a serious outcome.
- Risk for bias.
- Number of exposures may be underestimated.
Coauthored with Antara Ghosh, PhD