- Comorbid chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with excess risk for cardiovascular (CV) ischemic events and all-cause mortality in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD).
Why this matters
- Risk increases with degree of renal impairment.
- Post hoc analysis of the EUCLID randomized trial involving 13,483 patients with PAD receiving ticagrelor (Brilinta) or clopidogrel (Plavix).
- 3332 (24.7%) had comorbid CKD (stage 4/5, n=237).
- Primary composite endpoint: CV death, myocardial infarction (MI), or ischemic stroke.
- Median follow-up, ~30 months.
- Funding: AstraZeneca.
- CKD was associated with a higher rate of the primary endpoint vs no CKD (6.75 vs 3.72 events/100 patient-years), corresponding to a 45% increased risk (adjusted [a]HR, 1.45; P<.0001 style="list-style-type:circle;">
- Risk rose 20% with each 10 mL/minute/1.73 m2 decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate below 70 mL/minute/1.73 m2 (HR, 1.20; P<.0001>
- The effect appeared driven by CV death (aHR, 1.42; P=.0001) and MI (aHR, 1.55; P<.0001 rather than ischemic stroke>
- All-cause mortality also increased (aHR, 1.40; P<.0001>
- Few major bleeding events.