- People whose personality traits include higher neuroticism and lower extraversion and conscientiousness had a higher risk for persistent pain and prescription opioid use up to 10 years after completing a personality assessment.
Why this matters
- Incorporating personality traits measured via the Five Factor Model could help clinicians predict which patients may be more likely to suffer from long-term chronic pain and opioid use.
- Study of 8491 participants from the Health and Retirement Study.
- Funding: National Institute on Aging.
- 40% of patients experienced persistent pain and 14% reported taking opioid pain medication within the previous 3 months.
- Neuroticism was associated with higher risk for persistent pain (OR, 1.44; P<.001 and opioid medication use p during the follow-up.>
- Extraversion was associated with lower risk for persistent pain (OR, 0.83; P<.001 and opioid medication use p=".005).</li">
- Conscientiousness was associated with lower risk for persistent pain (OR, 0.83; P<.001 and opioid medication use p=".003).</li">
- Observational design.
Coauthored with Antara Ghosh, PhD