- 10% of people aged ≥65 years screened positive for depression, with the highest rates in people aged ≥85 years and those who self-reported as Puerto Rican, as of multiple Hispanic origins, as American Indian or Alaskan Native, as Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and as of 2 or more races.
Why this matters
- The study examined disaggregated racial/ethnic groups, offering a greater degree of specificity than prior studies that aggregated study populations by broad ethnic categories.
- Racially diverse groups of adults (age, ≥65 years; n=175,956) were identified from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Health Outcomes Survey.
- Funding: Petersen Gerontology and Family Studies fund, Oregon State University.
- Overall, 17,957 (10.21%) adults aged ≥65 years reported Patient Health Questionnaire-2 scores ≥3.
- Depression was most common among adults aged ≥85 years (13.63%), followed by those aged 65-74 years (9.74%) and those aged 75-84 years (9.67%).
- Compared with whites, higher odds for depression (P=.00) were noted among:
- Hispanic-Mexicans: aOR, 1.19;
- Hispanic-Puerto Ricans: aOR, 1.46;
- Hispanic-Cubans: aOR, 1.57;
- Hispanic-other: aOR, 1.29;
- those of multiple Hispanic ethnicities: aOR, 1.84;
- black/African Americans: aOR, 1.20;
- Asian Indians: aOR,1.67;
- Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders: aOR, 1.82; and
- those of 2 or more races: aOR, 1.50.
- Data from community-dwelling adults may not be generalizable.
Coauthored with Chitra Ravi, MPharm