Slow eaters less likely to develop obesity or metabolic syndrome | AHA


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Takeaway
  • People who eat slowly are less likely to become obese or develop metabolic syndrome.
Why this matters
  • Metabolic syndrome occurs when someone has any of three risk factors that include abdominal obesity, high fasting blood sugar, high blood pressure, and high triglycerides and/or low HDL cholesterol.
Study design
  • Investigators from Hiroshima University in Japan evaluated 642 men and 441 women, average age 51.2, who did not have metabolic syndrome in 2008.
  • They divided the participants into three groups depending on how they described their usual eating speed: slow, normal, or fast.
Key results
  • After five y, the researchers found that fast eaters were more likely (11.6%) to have developed metabolic syndrome than normal eaters (6.5%), or slow eaters.
  • Faster eating speed was associated with more weight gain, higher serum glucose, and larger waistline.