SUI: almost half of women experience it during CrossFit

  • Yang J & al.
  • Neurourol Urodyn
  • 8 Jan 2019

  • curated by Craig Hicks
  • Clinical Essentials
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Takeaway

  • Almost half of all women who participate in CrossFit report stress urinary incontinence (SUI) during exercise, particularly double‐unders, jumping rope, or box jumps.

Why this matters

  • Women need to exercise caution with workouts that can affect the pelvic floor, especially if they have risk factors, say the authors.

Study design

  • Researchers surveyed women from 4 CrossFit centers (n=105; mean age, 36.9 years) about activity levels, severity and frequency of leakage during CrossFit exercises, and strategies for preventing SUI.
  • Funding: None disclosed.

Key results

  • 50 out of 105 women reported SUI during CrossFit exercise.
  • The 3 exercises most associated with SUI were:
    • double‐unders: 47.7%; 
    • jumping rope: 41.3%; and
    • box jumps: 28.4%.
  • Significant predictors of SUI during exercise were (ORs):
    • previous vaginal delivery: 4.94; and
    • total incontinence symptom severity index score: 1.45 (both P<.05>
  • Top strategies for dealing with SUI were:
    • urinating before workouts: 89.0%; 
    • wearing dark pants: 51.4%; and
    • performing Kegel exercises during workouts: 31.2%.

Limitations

  • The study was cross-sectional with a small sample size.

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