- A suicide intervention program has yielded persistent positive effects at 11-14 years of follow-up, with reduced mortality in the intervention group.
- Findings are from a follow-up of the Youth-Nominated Support Team Intervention for Suicidal Adolescents , a randomized trial.
- Authors say findings need replication.
Why this matters
- Suicide prevalence among adolescents is rising, while the search for effective interventions continues.
- There were 448 original participants.
- Of the 15 deaths at follow-up, 4 were by suicide.
- At 11-14 years of follow-up, the treatment-as-usual group had 13 deaths (3 by suicide).
- The intervention group had 2 (1 by suicide; 1 by homicide).
- HR, 6.62 (95% CI, 1.49-29.35; P<.01>
- No one withdrew for adverse effects.
- Causes of death:
- Suicide: 4;
- Drug overdose with unknown intent, accidental, or undetermined: 8;
- Traffic fatality, homicide, infective endocarditis: 1 each.
- Post-hoc secondary analysis.
- Follow-up from 11.2 to 14.1 years.
- The intervention was a psychoeducational, social support intervention.
- Outcome: survival at follow-up.
- Funding: National Institute of Mental Health.
- Small sample size.