New data from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) has revealed that in 2016, 10,304 surgical site infections (SSIs) were reported from a total of 630,551 surgical procedures.
The ECDC’s Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016 on SSIs includes data from 14 EU Member States and Norway for seven types of surgical procedures namely; coronary artery bypass graft, cholecystectomy, colon surgery, caesarean section, hip prosthesis, knee prosthesis and laminectomy. In all types of surgical procedures, and with the exception of cholecystectomy operations, over 80 per cent of the patients received antibiotic prophylaxis.
The percentage of SSIs varied greatly by type of surgical procedure, from 0.5 per cent in knee prosthesis operations to 9.0 per cent in colon surgery operations. Of the SSIs reported, 972 (48%) were superficial, 3,107 (30%) deep and 2,182 (21%) organ/space SSIs. In 43 (0.4%) SSIs, the type of infection was unknown.
Trend analyses of the yearly percentage of SSIs in 2013-2016 showed an increasing trend for laminectomy operations, and a decreasing trend for colon surgery, caesarean section, and knee prostheses operations.
More than half (51%) of the SSIs were diagnosed post-discharge, while 34 per cent were diagnosed in hospitals.