In the second quarter (Q2) of 2019 (1 April to 30 June), provisional figures from Public Health England (PHE) show that 1293 cases of tuberculosis (TB) were notified, a 2.1 per cent decrease compared with Q2 2018. Combined with figures from Q1 2019, 2425 cases have been notified in the first six months of this year, similar to the figures reported for the same period in 2018.
In Q2 2019, the number of people notified with TB in the East Midlands, North West and West Midlands was lower than that in Q2 2018. However, the number was higher than Q2 2018 in the East of England and the South West.
Compared with Q2 2018 (974), in Q2 2019 (925), there was a 5.0 per cent decrease in the number of people notified with TB who were born outside the UK. Conversely, the number born in the UK remained stable in the same period (330 and 332, respectively).
In Q2 2019, the number of people with pulmonary TB accounted for 51.5 per cent of all people with TB. For those born outside the UK, this proportion was 45.3 per cent, whilst the proportion was much higher among people born in the UK (67.6%).
There were 14 confirmed cases of multidrug-resistant/rifampicin-resistant TB notified in Q2 2019, the same number as were confirmed in Q2 2018. However, PHE advises that these numbers may increase as the final results for cultures in the most recent quarters may not yet be available. Seven cases were confirmed in Q1.