The Public Health Wales has published the 2019 annual report on tuberculosis (TB) highlighting the TB cases reported in 2018 in Wales. Although the incidence of TB is on the decline, it still remains a concern for the health authorities.
Key findings from the report are as are follows:
- A total of 97 TB cases were reported in Wales in 2018 compared with 104 cases in 2017.
- Cardiff, Wrexham and Newport areas accounted for a higher proportion of TB cases.
- Despite the decline in the incidence of TB, there was a rise in the proportion of UK-born TB cases (52 per cent) in 2018.
- Populations with social risk factors such as homelessness, incarceration or drug use accounted for the rise in TB cases among the UK-born population.
- There was a worsening of certain TB outcomes in 2018 compared with the previous year.
- In the UK, England had the highest rate of TB (8.3 per 100,000 population), followed by Scotland (4.9 per 100,000 population), Wales (3.1 per 100,000 population) and Northern Ireland (3.0 per 100,000 population).
- Individuals of white ethnicity accounted for 49 per cent of cases and non-whites for 51 per cent.
Daniel Thomas, an epidemiologist at Public Health Wales, said: "The news of the number of TB cases in Wales dropping below 100 in 2018 is encouraging, yet it’s important that we remain vigilant in preventing the spread of the disease, particularly in cases where there are a number of social risk factors."