Although the maternal mortality rate in the UK has been static, there are significant variations in its patterns across ethnic, age and socio-economic groups. The findings were published in the journal Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology.
Researchers conducted a population-based cohort study to assess trends and observed inequalities in maternal mortality rates among different age, ethnic and socio-economic groups in the UK between 2009 and 2017.
The findings showed that women from black and Asian ethnic groups had a higher mortality rate than white women in most time periods. A higher mortality rate was also observed in women aged ≥35 years and women residing in the most deprived areas. The disparity in mortality between black and white women increased significantly over time (relative risk [RR], 2.59; 95% CI, 1.67-4.02 in 2009-2011 vs RR, 5.27; 95% CI, 3.44-7.87 in 2015-2017).
According to the authors, the results emphasise "the importance of research and policies focussed specifically on women from black and minority ethnic groups, together with other disadvantaged groups, to begin to reduce maternal mortality in the UK."