- Participating in youth team sports significantly decreased the risk for diagnosis of depression or anxiety in adulthood among children with a history of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), especially among boys.
Why this matters
- Recent recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) that clinicians routinely screen patients for ACEs could increase the need for strategies to reduce long-term health and mental health consequences among affected children.
- Study included 9668 individuals with childhood history of ACEs from National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health database.
- Funding: University of California, Los Angeles.
- 49.3% of individuals reported ≥1 ACEs.
- At baseline, adolescents with ACEs vs those without were more likely to receive a diagnosis of:
- Depression: 2.4% vs 1.2% (P=.006).
- Current depressive symptoms: 26.6% vs 18.1% (P<.001>
- Team sports participation during adolescence significantly reduced the risk for mental health problems in adulthood.
- Depression: aOR, 0.76 (95% CI, 0.59-0.97).
- Anxiety: aOR, 0.70 (95% CI, 0.56-0.89).
- Team sports participation during adolescence significantly reduced:
- Depression (aOR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.46-0.99), anxiety (aOR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.45-0.96), and depressive symptoms (aOR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.56-0.99) in boys.
- Anxiety (aOR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.54-0.98) in girls.
- Survey-based study.
Coauthored with Antara Ghosh, PhD