- Young people with celiac disease (CD) have increased lifetime risk for bacterial pneumonia, especially during the year before the CD diagnosis.
Why this matters
- The authors say that previous studies have shown increased risk for pneumococcal sepsis in pediatric or adolescent CD, up to 5 years after diagnosis in some age groups.
- Among CD patients, risk for a first occurrence of bacterial pneumonia was increased: HR, 1.82 (95% CI, 0.98-3.35; not significant).
- Risk was increased especially in the year before the CD diagnosis: HR, 6.00 (95% CI, 1.83-19.66).
- Italian cohort study of 1294 CD patients matched to 6470 reference cases.
- Funding: University of Padua.
- No data on several possible confounders, including socioeconomic status, smoking, current therapy.