Globally, only 15.8% of hypertensive adults have BP well controlled

  • Beaney T & al.
  • Hypertension
  • 18 May 2020

  • curated by Emily Willingham, PhD
  • Clinical Essentials
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Takeaway

  • A global survey of more than 1.5 million people in 92 countries finds a low rate of BP control to the
  • Half a million adults in the survey had never had their BP measured before.

Why this matters

  • The May Measurement Month survey, conducted by the International Society of Hypertension, is an annual global screening campaign.
  • Hypertension is a key risk factor in global disease and mortality.

Key results

  • Data for 1,508,130 people were included.
  • 482,273 had never had their BP measured.
  • Mean BP globally was 124.1/77.7 mmHg after imputation.
    • It was an adjusted 121.6/76.7 mmHg among those not taking antihypertensives vs 130.8/81.7 mmHg among those who were.
  • 34.0% had hypertension, but only 58.7% of them knew it.
  • 18.6% globally were taking antihypertensives.
  • Among the overall 54.7% taking antihypertensives, 57.8% had BP
  • Among any respondents with hypertension, 31.7% had BP

Study design

  • Global survey with opportunistic sampling of adults screened at sites in 92 countries during May 2019.
  • Target was 3 BP readings per participant.
  • Hypertension defined as ≥140/90 mmHg.
  • Funding: Servier through the Institut la Conference Hippocrate.

Limitations

  • Not all participants had 3 readings.
  • Some data were imputed.