- Factors associated with worse prognosis after in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) include male sex, older age, and history of serious comorbidities.
Why this matters
- Data on IHCA incidence and survival are comparatively scarce.
- Family members often expect unrealistically high survival rates.
- Better data could ease shared decision-making and decisions during and after resuscitation.
- Prearrest factors associated with survival (pooled ORs, 95% CIs, certainty level):
- Male sex: 0.84 (0.73-0.95, moderate).
- Age ≥60 years: 0.50 (0.40-0.62, low).
- Age ≥70 years: 0.42 (0.18-0.99, low).
- History of malignancy: 0.57 (0.45-0.71, high).
- Chronic kidney disease: 0.56 (0.40-0.78, high).
- Intra-arrest factors associated with survival (pooled ORs, 95% CIs, certainty level):
- Witnessed arrest: 2.71 (2.17-3.38, high).
- On telemetry: 2.23 (1.41-3.52, high).
- Daytime arrest: 1.41 (1.20-1.66, high).
- Shockable rhythm: 5.28 (3.78-7.39, high).
- Endotracheal intubation: 0.54 (0.42-0.70, moderate).
- Arrest duration ≥15 minutes: 0.12 (0.07-0.19, high).
- Systematic review and meta-analysis of 23 cohort studies assessing pre- and intra-arrest prognostic factors and post-IHCA survival (n=90,276).
- Funding: None.
- Findings do not constitute prediction tool.
- No trials.
- No information on neurological outcomes.