- Among patients with acute ischemic stroke and hyperglycemia, intensive vs standard glucose control for up to 72 hours yields no difference in 90-day functional outcome.
Why this matters
- Hyperglycemia is present in ~40% of patients with acute ischemic stroke and associated with worse outcomes.
- Randomized 63-site trial of 1151 patients (80% with diabetes diagnosis) with hyperglycemia (glucose >110 mg/dL with diabetes; ≥150 mg/dL without) enrolled ≤12 hours from acute ischemic stroke onset.
- Groups: intensive glycemic management (target 80-130 mg/dL via intravenous insulin) or standard (target 80-179 mg/dL using insulin injections) for ≤72 hours poststroke.
- Favorable outcome: 90-day modified Rankin Scale score 0-2, depending on baseline NIH Stroke Scale score.
- Funding: NIH; Medical Decision Network LLC.
- Mean glucose: 118 mg/dL with intensive vs 179 mg/dL with standard treatment.
- Treatment stopped early for hypoglycemia/other adverse events in 11.2% intensive vs 3.2% standard.
- Favorable outcomes occurred in 20.5% intensive vs 21.6% standard (adjusted relative risk, 0.97; P=.55).
- Severe hypoglycemia (
- 6 sites enrolled 42% of patients.
- Possible selection bias.
- No canalization data.
- More frequent glucose checks in intensive group (every 1-2 vs 3 hours).