Poor quality of air in London is responsible for ~1000 hospital admissions for asthma and serious respiratory conditions annually, says a new research conducted by King’s College London and Imperial College London, commissioned by the Mayor of London.
The report indicates that between 2014 and 2016, >4000 London residents were hospitalised for worsening of asthma or serious lung conditions in the elderly resulting from air pollution. Children aged 65 years having chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is worsened by air pollution. During the study duration, this population accounted for 2 hospital admissions each day for pollution-mediated COPD exacerbations.
Increasing levels of air pollution in London has been deemed as a health crisis which burdens the health care system with billions of pounds a year. An estimated 600,000 individuals living in London, including 240,000 children, have asthma. Two-thirds of them report air pollution as a significant factor that worsens their condition and makes them breathless. In the effort to curb air pollution, the ‘Ultra-Low Emission Zone’ will be launched in central London, which aims to reduce road traffic emissions by around 45 per cent.