- In patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), mental stress is linked to effects on endothelial dysfunction and increased risk for major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events (MACEs).
Why this matters
- This study connects the dots between acute mental stress, transient endothelial dysfunction, and MACE risk.
- Before mental stress, mean flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) was 4.8% (standard deviation, 3.7%).
- After stress, this value fell to 3.9% (3.6%), for a 23% drop (P<.001>
- Brachial artery diameter dropped as well.
- As expected, BP, heart rate increased.
- 63.3% had transient endothelial dysfunction during this transition.
- Among those with transient endothelial dysfunction, MACE risk was 1.78 (subdistribution HR; 95% CI, 1.15-2.76).
- Decreased poststress FMD was specifically tied to MACE (P=.04).
- Adding pre- or poststress FMD to usual prognostic factors increased predictive value for MACEs.
- University-hospital-based cohort study, including 569 patients with CAD (mean age, 62.6 years; 73.8% men) who underwent pre- and poststress FMD testing, June 2011-August 2014.
- The “mental stress” task was public speaking.
- Median follow-up of 3.0 (interquartile range, 2.9-3.1) years.
- Funding: NIH.
- Limited to patients with CAD.