MS linked to higher infection-related health care use
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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with elevated infection-related health care use.
Why this matters
Although infection is more prevalent in the MS population, their effect on health care use, especially by type of infection, is unclear.
Relative to unaffected peers, patients with MS were more likely to be hospitalized for infection (adjusted OR, 2.39), and had more physician visits and filled more infection-related prescriptions (adjusted rate ratios, 1.41 and 1.57).
Use was elevated more for men than for women, and was seen across all age-groups.
Physician visits and hospitalizations were higher in particular for pneumonia, urinary system infections, and skin infections (adjusted rate ratios, 1.6-3.3), and hospitalizations were higher for intestinal infections (2.6) and ...