MS linked to higher infection-related health care use

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  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with elevated infection-related health care use.

Why this matters

  • Although infection is more prevalent in the MS population, their effect on health care use, especially by type of infection, is unclear.

Key results

  • Relative to unaffected peers, patients with MS were more likely to be hospitalized for infection (adjusted OR, 2.39), and had more physician visits and filled more infection-related prescriptions (adjusted rate ratios, 1.41 and 1.57).
  • Use was elevated more for men than for women, and was seen across all age-groups.
  • Physician visits and hospitalizations were higher in particular for pneumonia, urinary system infections, and skin infections (adjusted rate ratios, 1.6-3.3), and hospitalizations were higher for intestinal infections (2.6) and ...