- Patients with celiac disease (CD) being treated with a gluten-free diet (GFD) are more reluctant to try unfamiliar foods than unaffected individuals who follow a GFD based on personal choice.
Why this matters
- Such so-called food neophobia (FN) may lead patients to reduce intake of healthful foods, contributing to an unbalanced diet, metabolic risk factors, and poor CD management.
- Researchers compared FN scores of GFD-treated patients with CD (n=101) with those of healthy individuals following a GFD based on personal choice (n=124), using the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS).
- Funding: Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education.
- FNS scores were higher for patients with CD (39.4±9.2) than unaffected individuals (33.6±8.7; P<.0001>
- Scores were not significantly influenced by age, sex, BMI, educational attainment, or employment status.
- The study sample was small and did not include unaffected individuals not following a GFD.