Patients with celiac disease are less likely to try new foods

  • Zysk W & al.
  • Nutrients
  • 31 Jul 2019

  • International Clinical Digest
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Takeaway

  • Patients with celiac disease (CD) being treated with a gluten-free diet (GFD) are more reluctant to try unfamiliar foods than unaffected individuals who follow a GFD based on personal choice.

Why this matters

  • Such so-called food neophobia (FN) may lead patients to reduce intake of healthful foods, contributing to an unbalanced diet, metabolic risk factors, and poor CD management.

Study design

  • Researchers compared FN scores of GFD-treated patients with CD (n=101) with those of healthy individuals following a GFD based on personal choice (n=124), using the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS).
  • Funding: Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education.

Key results

  • FNS scores were higher for patients with CD (39.4±9.2) than unaffected individuals (33.6±8.7; P<.0001>
  • Scores were not significantly influenced by age, sex, BMI, educational attainment, or employment status.

Limitations

  • The study sample was small and did not include unaffected individuals not following a GFD.