- Unfiltered cigarette smokers were nearly 40% more likely to develop lung cancer and nearly twice as likely to die from the disease as filtered cigarette smokers.
- Mortality rates were similar between light or ultralight cigarette smokers and those who smoked regular cigarettes.
Why this matters
- Low-tar cigarettes are marketed by tobacco companies as less risky than regular cigarettes, despite the similar mortality rates between regular and light/ultralight cigarettes.
- Secondary data analysis of 14,123 National Lung Screening Trial participants.
- Funding: Medical University of South Carolina.
- 50% of participants were current smokers.
- 88% smoked filtered cigarettes, 33% smoked light cigarettes, and 11.1% smoked ultralight cigarettes.
- Unfiltered cigarette smokers had a significantly greater risk for lung cancer (HR, 1.37; P=.005), lung cancer-specific mortality (HR, 1.96; P<.001 and all-cause mortality p=".003)" compared with filtered cigarette smokers.>
- Light/ultralight or flavored smokers had similar lung cancer-specific and all-cause mortality rates as regular cigarette smokers.
- None listed.