- Despite WHO universal antiretroviral therapy (ART) guidelines, process of initiating ART remains separate from overcoming challenges/barriers to lifelong adherence.
- Ample resources alone are insufficient to encourage universal ART uptake among asymptomatic, HIV-infected women.
Why this matters
- Consider sociocultural barriers to ART acceptance, including negative stigma, male partner attitudes/violence/exclusion.
- Provide time for infected women to consult partners, discuss questions/fears.
- Consider waning ART adherence; regular monitoring, follow-up counselling essential.
- Among 84% (4512/5400) PROMISE participants enrolled, 93% (4211) underwent at least 1 standardised counseling session.
- Counseling yielded 65.5% (95% CI, 63%-68%) universal ART uptake.
- Probability of uptake increased with number of counseling sessions from 2 (82.6%) to 3 (87.5%) and 6 sessions (94.4%).
- Primary reasons for declining ART: wanting more consideration time (44%), feeling well/high CD4 count (19%).
- 95/201 cited need to consider significant other (34%, 32), psychological unpreparedness (26%, 25).
- Reasons for accepting: concern about health (46%), recommendations (36%), CD4 count concerns (16%).
- IMPAACT PROMISE study (Africa, Asia, South/North America) subgroup analysis evaluating universal ART uptake, rationale for/against acceptance among HIV-infected pregnant, postpartum women.
- Funding: NIH.
- Uncontrolled response timing.
- Subsequent counselling sessions not standardised.
- Qualitative data lacking.