The latest data from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) show that 273 human cases of West Nile fever have been reported by European Union (EU) Member States so far this season (up to 16 August). Italy has reported the highest number of cases (123), followed by Greece (75), Hungary (39), Romania (31), France (3) and Croatia (2). EU neighbouring countries have reported 128 human cases, with 126 cases in Serbia and two in Kosovo. Twenty deaths have been reported by Serbia (11), Greece (4), Italy (3), Kosovo (1) and Romania (1).
Forty-one cases were reported between the 10 and 16 August 2018. Sixteen were reported in Hungary, 15 in Greece, eight in Romania and two in Croatia. EU neighbouring countries reported 24 cases, all of which were reported by Serbia.
Last week, the ECDC highlighted how an unusual early start and high number of locally-acquired West Nile virus infections have been observed this year. It has urged clinicians to include West Nile fever in the differential diagnosis for persons who have returned from affected areas.