- White meat seems to be no better than red meat for reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, showing no relative benefit for lipid profiles in this trial .
Why this matters
- Dietary recommendations are to limit red meat, with the implication that white meat is preferable for health.
- These authors say that theirs is the first systematic comparison of the two.
- Participants eating either red or white meat had higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol vs those who ate a nonmeat diet (P<.0001>
- Apolipoprotein B measures were also higher with both meat diets (P<.0001>
- The meat diets did not differ from each other for these measures.
- Body weight measures among groups were not significantly different.
- 62 people had a diet high in saturated fatty acids and 51 had a diet low in saturated fatty acids, split among red meat, white meat, and nonmeat diets, 4 weeks each in random order.
- Outcomes: various lipid measures.
- Funding: NIH.
- Short study, no fish diet included, grass-finished beef was not used.
- Higher-fat red meat was not compared with lower-fat white meat because meats were matched for fat.