Half of women in Europe diagnosed with HIV are diagnosed at a late stage of infection, according to 2018 surveillance data published jointly by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe.
The figures show that, in 2018, 141,552 newly diagnosed HIV infections were reported in 50 of the 53 countries in the WHO European Region, including 26,164 from the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA). This corresponds to a crude rate of 16.2 newly diagnosed infections per 100,000 population.
Just over half (53%) were diagnosed at a late stage of infection (CD4 cell count 3 at diagnosis). This percentage was highest in the East (56%) and Centre (55%) and lowest in the West (49%).
When analysing CD4 cell count by transmission mode, the highest proportions of people presenting at a later stage of HIV infection (CD4 3) in the EU/EEA were among women (51%), older adults (64% in people over 50), men or women infected by heterosexual sex (63% and 53%, respectively), people who acquired HIV through injecting drug use (53%), and migrants from south and south-east Asia (56%) and sub-Saharan Africa (57%).