- A new PCOS diagnosis is linked to increased risk that young women will stop using contraception.
Why this matters
- PCOS is a common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age and is associated with metabolic syndrome and infertility.
- Women with PCOS need better health counseling that is tailored and addresses beliefs, perceived self-efficacy, and control.
- Longitudinal cohort study.
- Cohort taken from the Australian Longitudinal Survey on Women's Health (ALSWH), a population-based cohort study.
- Women born between 1989 and 1995 who completed health surveys were included (n=7170).
- Main outcomes: change in vegetable intake, physical activity, and contraceptive use after a new diagnosis of PCOS.
- Funding: ALSWH is funded by the Australian Government Department of Health; individual author funding.
- 3% of the cohort reported having PCOS.
- Women with a new PCOS diagnosis were 3 times more likely to stop using contraception compared with those without a PCOS diagnosis:
- Relative risk:
- Model 1: 3.43 (P<.001>
- Model 2: 2.98 (P<.001>
- Data were self-reported.